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The Mysteries of Eastern Serbia

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This isn’t just a trip through beautiful nature and landscapes… We will reveal to you mysteries that are over 8,000 years old!

Smederevo –The biggest lowland fortress in Eastern Europe.

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The Smederevo fortress covers an area of about 10.5 ha, which is why he is considered to be one of the biggest lowland medieval fortresses in all Europe. The fortress has two parts: Mali grad and Veliki grad. It was built by the Serbian despot Djuradj Brankovic in 1430, on the confluence of the rivers Jezave and Danube, to be his capital. During its long and turbulent past, it was many times built and torn down, conquered and set free… Today, it carries evidences of those times on the surface of its walls and its towers, testifying the unpredictability of history. Those walls are a symbol of the sacrifice of the builders, ofarchitectural craftsmanship and of artistic beauty.

Viminacijum – Roman military camp and capital of the Roman province of Upper Moesia.

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"Viminacium… It used to be a dazzling city. Rich temples, broad streets, luxurious villages, big thermal baths, the amphitheater… Barbarians devastated it a few year ago and little remained of its previous glory. In the town itself, some of the houses and public buildings have been restored and life is slowly returning, but in these troubled times I have no confidence in the local people.
(...) In my short life I have not seen a city in such a good location. There are roads branch off to the west, east and south of the Empire. The rivers here are wide and navigable. Through the Danube, we quickly reach Pannonia, Noricum, Raetia or Dacia. Everywhere the eye can see all orchards, fields, forests ... People over the fields, working hard, so to speak, it's all right. And then, in a moment, when your gaze falls on the ruins of the camp VII Claudia and on the destroyed temple of the Capitoline Triad, you become aware of the recent devastation. And it was a great military camp! Nearly as large as in Castra Regina or Veter. Even now, the mighty stone towers can be seen by far. And what about the Porta Praetoria! Such animposing architecture! I have not seen it anywhere!
In the town lived a very old repairman-painter… I cannot remember his name, but I know that at fresco painting of fairies and memories, he surpassed his master, the famous Flavius Chrysantius. I felt the sorrow of Caius for the past, and I went to comfort him saying that the town would soon fully recover and it would again enjoy all that a man of his knowledge and culture can appreciate."


Golubac – one of the most beautiful fortresses on the Danube

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Four kilometers downstream from Golubac, on the steep cliffs before entering the Iron Gate, is located the Golubac fortress. An interesting folk tale about the origin of the name of the place is preserved. According to it, a beautiful girl named Golubana once lived in the city. Stories of her beauty were heard by a Turkish pasha. He begged her, brought her gifts in order to marry him, but she constantly refused his offersjust like she did with every other suitor. Pasha, then, ordered the execution of Golubana. The girl was tied to a rock above the Danube, the birds mutilated her body, and she took her last breath. Memories of the beautiful Golubana, however, remained: the place in which she lived was named after her - Golubac. No one knows who or when the Golubac fortress was built. It was first mentioned after the death of King Dragutin, in 1335, as a fortress under Hungarian control. Prince Lazar unsuccessfully tried to take it over, but it still became Serbian property early in the fifteenth century. After the death of Despot Stefan, the fortress was conquered by the Turks, and, with brief interruptions, held under control until the early nineteenth century.


The heart of the Djerdap - Lepenski Vir in a way you have never seen  before…

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Lepenski Vir is a spectacular archaeological site in Serbia, which is the cradle of Europe. Lepenski Vir is also the name of a large vortex in the middle of the Danube at the Djerdap gorge, called the "iron gate", about 15 km from Donji Milanovac. Lepenski Vir was discovered and explored in the 60’s by the professor Dragoslav Srejovic, who was working on a project which aimed to preserve archaeological sites during the construction of an artificial lake upstream from the exit of the Danube in the Iron Gates. The Iron Gate has a remarkably preserved natural environment, with a especially favorable microclimate.

Donji Milanovac – where the Danube is the widest

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Vratnjanske gates – a wonder of nature in Eastern Serbia

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Somewhere in eastern Serbia, more precisely, 30 km from Negotina, for centuries, a little hidden from the eyes of the world and tourists, on the slopes of mount Miroč, in the gorge of the river Vratnice, in peace and on the lands of the Monastery Vaznesenja Gospodnjeg, is located a blessing of nature. The Vratnjanske gates! It hides in itself three stone gates, wonders of nature. These are, in fact, stone arches (gates) over the river that, in the distant past, were created by the collapse of cave tunnels. The first of the three gates, the so-called "Small gate", is located just 200 meters from the medieval monasteries Vaznesenja. It is 15 meters long, 30 wide and the height of its opening is of 34 meters. The second or "Big" gate has a length of 45 meters, width of 23, height of 26 and depth of vault of 30 meters.The third or "Dry Gate" has a length of 34 meters, width of 15, height of 20 meters and the depth of the vault measures 10meters. This is also the least accessible of the gates. Besides, it is the most beautiful and the most challenging for researchers and visitors. Near the third gate, three so far unexplored caves were discovered. It is a "real gem of nature”. Detailed studies of these caves are still ongoing, but it was found, according to speleologists, that the cave that is the closest to the third gate is about 400 meters long, while the other is a little shorter but more attractive, because it hides in its inside a small lake of unusual beauty. The third cave is extremely large and complex, interwoven with numerous corridors and tunnels. This tourist attraction, besides the Vratne canyon, the stone arches (Vratnjanske gates) and caves, complements the aforementioned Monastery Vaznesenja gospodnjeg (Monastery Vratna), as well as hunting with a large herd of mountain sheeps and a herd of fallow deers.


Rajačke pimnice–a complex of 50 well-preserved wineries from the XIX century, wine tasting, Eastern Serbian gourmet experience and traditional music in the evening.

The Rajačke pimnice, as a unique architectural complex of wine cellars in the Negotin vineyards of which the first records date back to the 19th century, present an important part of Serbian heritage and they are candidates for UNESCO's World Heritage List. The pimnice are settlements of wine cellars in the Negotinska Krajina and are among the favorite destinatios of wine lovers on a trip to Serbia. Vines are grown in the area since Roman times, but in the Middle Ages, this branch of agriculture was so important that some households had even a hundred thousand vines. At the beginning of the last century, Krajina wines were labeled as the strongest in Europe, and won medals at exhibitions in London and Paris. Wine manufacturers from vineyards that are now spread over a thousand acres say that their wine does not make people drunk. Actually,it helps to think better, speak better, and sing even better. Among indigenous varieties cultivated are bagrina, začinak, prokupac, vranac and smederevska.

Travel plan:

22.06. Departure from Belgrade early in the morning, visit of the attractions mentioned in the description (Smederevo fortress, Viminacijum, Lepenski Vir, Donji Milanovac). Arrival and accommodation at the pavilion camp of Djerdap, free time and evening gathering. Overnight.
23.06. After breakfast, we will go to Vratni, where we will visit a monastery and a natural wonder – the Vratanjske gates. We will get to theRajačke pimnice at around 14h, where we will have wine tasting with live traditional music from Eastern Serbia. Return to Belgrade at around 23h.

Price: 2999 din
Price includes:
- transportation by bus;
- wine tasting at the Rajačke pimnice with live traditional music;
- accommodation with breakfast;
- organization costs.

The price does not include the entrance in the attractions, dinner at the Rajačke pimnice (optional) and individual costs of the traveler.

INFO AND RESERVATIONS:

thiago.serbia4youth@gmail.com
Tel: 060/417 88 76
Balkanska 18 (TC Ivanijum, lokal 99)
Radnim danima 10-18h
The deadline for reservations is 5 days before the departure. The package is done with a minimum of 15 travelers. In the case of insufficient number of travelers, the organization may cancel the trip up to 5 days before the departure. In this program, the general traveling conditions from the agency Robinson (license OTP 007/2010) are valid.




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